Academic Articles

The International Misophonia Research Network (IMRN).

There are few studies on misophonia that have been published. However, this body of literature is always growing.

Our Academic Articles

Investigating Misophonia: A Review of the Empirical Literature, Clinical Implications, and a Research Agenda

Misophonia is a neurobehavioral syndrome phenotypically characterized by heightened autonomic nervous system arousal and negative emotional reactivity (e. g., irritation, anger, anxiety) in response to a decreased tolerance for specific sounds. The aims of this review are to (a) characterize the current state of the field of research on misophonia, (b) highlight what can be inferred from the small research literature to inform treatment of individuals with misophonia, and (c) outline an agenda for research on this topic. We extend previous reviews on this topic by critically reviewing the research investigating mechanisms of misophonia and differences between misophonia and other conditions. In addition, we integrate this small but growing literature with basic and applied research from other literatures in a cross-disciplinary manner […Read Full Article]

Sensory reactivity, empathizing and systemizing in autism spectrum conditions and sensory processing disorder.

Although the DSM-5 added sensory symptoms as a criterion for ASC, there is a group of children who display sensory symptoms but do not have ASC; children with sensory processing disorder (SPD). To be able to differentiate these two disorders, our aim was to evaluate whether children with ASC show more sensory symptomatology and/or different cognitive styles in empathy and systemizing compared to children with SPD and typically developing (TD) children. The study included 210 participants: 68 children with ASC, 79 with SPD and 63 TD children. The Sensory Processing Scale Inventory was used to measure sensory symptoms, the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) to measure autistic traits, and the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and Systemizing Quotient (SQ) to measure cognitive styles. Across groups, a greater sensory symptomatology was associated with lower empathy. Further, both the ASC and SPD groups showed more sensory symptoms than TD children. Children with ASC and SPD only differed on sensory under-reactivity. The ASD group did, however, show lower empathy and higher systemizing scores than the SPD group. Together, this suggest that sensory symptoms alone may not be adequate to differentiate children with ASC and SPD but that cognitive style measures could be used for differential diagnosis.

 

Academic Articles/Papers by IMRN Members

Brett-Green, B. A., Miller, L. J., Schoen, S. A., and Nielsen, D. M. (2010). An exploratory event-related potential study of multisensory integration in sensory over-responsive children. Brain Res. 1321, 67–77. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.01.043

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Danesh, A. A., and Kaf, W. A. (2012). DPOAEs and contralateral acoustic stimulation and their link to sound hypersensitivity in children with autism. Int. J. Audiol. 51, 345–352. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2011.626202

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Edelstein, M., Brang, D., Rouw, R., and Ramachandran, V. S. (2013). Misophonia: physiological investigations and case descriptions. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 7:296. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00296

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Memory Reconsolidation Study, Conference

memory reconsolidation misophonia

“Using memory reconsolidating LeDoux and colleagues have already proven that the automatic physiological response to a stimuli (or a memory in regard to sound in misophonia) can be changed in simple ways. Whereas most behavior therapists rely on exposure to aversive stimuli in order to desensitize people to trauma (in this case a noise, pattern of sound, or repeating noise) or to relearn an association between a sound and a particular person, etc. they are often unable to obtain results, and if they do obtain results, they don’t last. This is because of memory.”

http://www.misophoniainternational.com/ledoux-lab-findings-summary-dr-brout/

 

Rosenthal, M. Z., Neacsiu, A. D., and Geiger, P. J. (2016). Emotional reactivity to personally-relevant and standardized sounds in borderline personality disorder. Cogn. Ther. Res. 40, 314–327. doi: 10.1007/s10608-015-9736-y

Rouw, R., and Erfanian, M. (2017). A large-scale study of misophonia. J. Clin. Psychol. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22500. [Epub ahead of print].

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Kumar, S., Hancock, O. T., Sedley, W., Winston, J. S., Callaghan, M. F., Allen, M., et al. (2017). The brain basis for misophonia. Curr. Biol. 27, 527–533. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.12.048

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Kumar, S., von Kriegstein, K., Friston, K., and Griffiths, T. D. (2012). Features versus feelings: dissociable representations of the acoustic features and valence of aversive sounds. J. Neurosci. 32, 14184–14192. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1759-12.2012

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Schröder, A., Vulink, N., and Denys, D. (2013). Misophonia: diagnostic criteria for a new psychiatric disorder. PLoS ONE8:e54706. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054706

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Sullivan, J. C., Miller, L. J., Nielsen, D. M., and Schoen, S. A. (2013). The presence of migraines and its association with sensory hyperreactivity and anxiety symptomatology in children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism 18, 743–747. doi: 10.1177/1362361313489377

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Other Notable Papers

American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edn. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

 

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